Breast Cancer facts
Every 19 seconds, somewhere in the world, someone is diagnosed with breast cancer
Every 74 seconds, somewhere in the world, someone dies from breast cancer.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among black women.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death cancer among black women.
Socio- economic and cultural influences contribute to the nature of tumor manifestation, progression, and mortality.
Triple Negative Breast cancer (TNBC) affected more black women than all other races combined.
The most recent research has shown that TNBC causes may likely lay in the African ancestry.
Breast cancer risk factors
- Age – incidence increases with advancing age
- Reproductive: late menopause, few children, nulliparity, late age at first birth
- Lifestyle: high calorie diets, alcohol, lack of exercise
- Obesity in post-menopausal women
- High breast density on mammogram
- Long term use of hormone replacement therapy
Breast Cancer stage
- Screening mammogram
- Breast self-examination
- Clinical examination by a physician
- Diagnostic mammogram
- Stage at diagnosis
- Biological markers: ER, PgR, Her2/neu, other pathological features of the tumor
- More than 2.9 million estimated women live with invasive breast cancer as Of January 1st 2012 and additional 226,870 women will be diagnosed.
- About 20% of breast cancer occur among women under the age of 50, and about 40% occur among women older than 65.
- The overall 5-year relative survival rate for female breast cancer patients is 90% today compared to 63% in the early 60th.
- The 5-year relative survival rate for localized breast cancer is 99%.
The reasons are the improvement in treatments (Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and widespread use of mammogram screening)